Past perfect yapısında yardımcı fiil olarak "had" ve fiilin üçüncü hali (past participle) kullanılır.

had finished the work.
She had gone .

Past perfect continuous  yapısı ise had been ve fiilin -ing almış hali ile kullanılır:

had been finishing the work
She had been going.

Past perfect, present perfect gibi aynı şekilde kullanılır, fakat şimdiki değil geçmişteki bir zamana işaret eder.

past perfect tense şu şekilde kullanılır:

  • bir şey geçmişte başlamıştır ve geçmişte belirtilen bir zamana kadar devam etmiştir:

When George died he and Anne had been married for nearly fifty years.
She didn’t want to move. She had lived in Liverpool all her life.

Past perfect continuous normalde şu şekilde kullanılır:

She didn’t want to move. She had been living in Liverpool all her life.
Everything was wet. It had been raining for hours.

  • geçmişte belli bir zamana kadar bir kaç kez yaptığımız ve bu noktadan sonra devam eden bir şey için kullanılır:

He was a wonderful guitarist. He had been playing ever since he was a teenager.
He had written three books and he was working on another one.
had been watching the programme every week, but I missed the last episode.

Geçmişte başlamış bir şeyi göstermek için cümlenin bu kısmında genellikle since'i kullanılır:

They had been staying with us since the previous week.
I was sorry when the factory closed. I had worked there since I left school.
I had been watching that programme every week since it started, but I missed the last episode.

  • Şimdiye kadarki tecrübelerimizden bahsederken kullanılır:

My eighteenth birthday was the worst day I had ever had.
I was pleased to meet George. I hadn’t met him before, even though I had met his wife several times.

  • geçmişte olmuş fakat rapor edildiği zamanda önemli olan bir şeyden bahsetmek için kullanılır:

I couldn’t get into the house. I had lost my keys.
Teresa wasn’t at home. She had gone shopping.

Past perfect geçmişteki şart ifadeleri, hipotezler ve keşke olsaydı gibi ifadeler için kullanılır.

I would have helped him if he had asked.
It was very dangerous. What if you had got lost?
I wish I hadn’t spent so much money last month.